Dissolvable Sutures – Explained

Dissolvable Sutures – Explained

dissolvabe sutures

Dissolvabe sutures

Dissolvable suture as the name suggests dissolves within the body and thus the patient doesn’t have to visit the hospital again to remove the suture. Dissolvable sutures are absorbed by the body and thus they can be used for both external as well as internal wounds and hence they are a good choice for oral surgery and surgical procedures of internal organs. Dissolvable sutures are made from natural substances rather than synthetic substances. When synthetic substances are used, the body will react to the foreign substances and may try to get rid of it creating uneasiness for the patient. The dissolvable sutures are mainly made by substances like polyglactin and polyglycolic acid.


The body’s natural enzymes and fluids play a vital role in dissolving the sutures and thus absorbing it. As the dissolvable sutures needed to be in contact with the body fluids and/or enzymes in order to absorb it, they are not used in superficial areas of the body like surface of the skin as there is no connection with the body fluids. Generally, dissolved stitches take several weeks to begin dissolving and they may take several months to get completely absorbed. The period of complete dissolving depends on certain factors like deepness of the wound, the stitching material used, number of stitching materials used etc. In dissolvable suture materials, polyglycolic acid stitches dissolve more quickly and completely than polyglactin stitches do.


The number of dissolvable sutures used for a wound can be determined according to the demands of the wound and it is desirable since the patient does not need to revisit the hospital to remove it. The dissolvable sutures are stitched to the wound in various strengths according to the demands of the body to allow the wounds to be healed quickly or slowly. There are certain cases, a dissolvable suture does not go away and in that case the patient has to revisit the hospital in order to remove it.


The patients have to follow as instructed by the physician after their wound has been stitched with dissolvable sutures since if the patient does not take utmost care of their wounds after injury or surgery, the wounds will be more susceptible to infection. And there is a chance that the dissolvable sutures may protrude out of the skin and also if the patient tries to pick or pull the suture in the course of the healing process, there will be sometimes scarring takes place on the skin and also delays the wound healing. So the wound area should be kept extremely clean and the stitches should be allowed to dissolve on their own.


 Disadvantages of Sutures

Dissolvable stitches themselves can be infected at times. When there is a wound and if it has been stitched using dissolvable stitches and after a while the wound is healed and the stitch has been dissolved. Then sometimes there may develop certain problems when the stitches are not properly absorbed to the body or if it has been rejected. So it is important for patients to consult a doctor immediately when they develop a fever or severe discomfort near the wound site following surgery.